Pool Maintenance


Pool Maintenance

Basic  Pool Care Checklist 

The  information stated within this document is for reference only, and is not  intended to be used as a basis for exact pool and pool water maintenance. Please  contact a pool water specialist in your area for exact maintenance requirements  and to set up a schedule for your specific pool. 

Opening  Your Pool  

  • Remove,  clean and store the pool cover
  • Thoroughly  clean and vacuum the pool
  • Add  water to the desired height at the prescribed rate of 1” (25mm) per hour
  • Test  water balance, pH, Calcium Hardness and Total Alkalinity levels
  • Inspect  electrical service, filters, skimmers, drains, ladders, diving boards, plugs,  gauges, and other important components of the system
  • Lubricate  fittings, valves, o-rings, and plugs
  • Inspect  tile and grout installations, and clean tiles and skimmer with cleanser
  • Take  a sample of pool water to a pool water expert for analysis
  • Clean  and inspect pool deck
  • Skim  pool water surface and vacuum pool bottom
    Backwash filter if necessary
  • Shock  pool water to breakpoint levels
  • Adopt  a routine maintenance program for the season
    Add algaecide as required

Pool  Maintenance 2-3 times a week:

  Empty  skimmer and pump basket (may require more frequent cleaning) Vacuum  the pool two to three times a week. Brush the sides and bottom of your pool,  even if you have an automatic pool cleaner as this will loosen dirt and other  particles that may adhere to pool finish
Weekly  Pool Maintenance:  

  • Remove  any large accumulation of debris on the bottom with a leaf scoop.
  • Feed  the pool with chlorine or other sanitizer to satisfy its requirements either  manually or automatically.
  • Check  that the water level is high enough for the pump to operate correctly.
  • Test  and adjust sanitizer level (may require more frequent testing depending upon  bather load and environmental conditions)
  • Visually  inspect pool water for clarity, color and visible contaminants
  • Remote  floating leaves
  • Test  and adjust pH (may require more frequent testing depending upon bather load and  environmental conditions)
  • The  pH should be in the range 7.4 – 7.7 if the pool has a vinyl or tile finish. The  range should be 7.3 -7.5 if the pool has a fiberglass finish. The range should  be 7.4-7.6 for a gunite swimming pool. If the level is too high, then adjust it  down using pH decreaser. The correct dosage is located on the label.
  • If  the pH is too low, then add pH increaser. Again see labels for dosage. If the pH  has dropped possibly so has your total alkalinity.
  • Don’t  correct your pH more than once a week.
  • Test  chlorine levels in the pool water: 
  • Free  chlorine levels should be between 1-3 ppm
  • Free  bromine levels should be between 3-5 ppm
  • Test  and adjust Alkalinity
    Test and adjust Oxidizer and Stabilizer levels
  • Clean  the tile at the water line
    Check filter pressure and backwash only if  required
  • Check  water level and adjust as necessary at the prescribed rate of 1” (25mm) per  hour
  • Add  a preventative dose of algaecide as necessary
  • Shock  the pool as per label instructions. This treatment restores the sparkle to the  pool water and destroys germs and organic contaminants (can be done once every 2  weeks)

Monthly  Pool Maintenance:

  • Test  and adjust Calcium Hardness
  • Test  and adjust for Total Dissolved Solids
  • Test  the total alkalinity, which should be in the range of 120-150 ppm.
  • Chemically  clean the filter
  • Visually  inspect tile, grout, sealant, and other exposed elements of pool
  • Conduct  Langelier Saturation Index evaluation and adjust as necessary
  • Test  your salt levels if you have a saltwater pool.
  • If  you have a vinyl liner – check for holes and tears and make any needed repairs  as soon as possible.
  • If  you have a concrete, gunite pool or fiberglass pool, check for cracks.
  • Check  the seals in your motor and pump.
  • Check  all handrails, steps and other safety equipment to be sure that it’s in proper  working order.

Closing  a Pool:  

  • Balance  the pool water chemistry, typically to the following levels:

  1.  pH:  7.2 – 7.6
  2. Total  Alkalinity: 80 – 120 parts per million (ppm)
  3. Calcium  Hardness: 180 – 220 ppm

  • Run  the filter continuously for 24 – 48 hours
    Remove  skimmer baskets, cleaners, ladders, wall fittings, and solar blankets from the  pool
  • Lower  the water level in the pool to 6” (150mm) below the skimmer level at the  prescribed rate of 1” (25mm) per hour
  • Drain  all pumping, filtering, heating, and sanitizing equipment to prevent damage  caused by freezing
  • Lubricate  o-rings, valves and plugs to make opening the pool in the spring easier
  • Thoroughly  clean and vacuum the pool
  • Winterize  the plumbing by blowing out the lines and plug the lines with expansion  plugs
  • Add  winterizing algaecide
  • Cover  the pool with a tight fitting cover

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